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You can often hear about Rosenshine's Principles of Teaching, but accessing the ideas behind the notion can often be time consuming. Based on his 2012 article (click here to read PDF), Barak Rosenshine shared research-based strategies that all teachers should know about. However, in the article, Rosenshine declared, “the best way to become an expert is through practice - thousands of hours of practice. The more the practice, the better the performance.”

  1. Begin a lesson with a short review of previous learning.
  2. Present new materials in small steps with student practice after each step.
  3. Limit the amount of materials students receive at one time.
  4. Give clear and detailed instructions and explanations.
  5. Ask a large number of questions and check for understanding.
  6. Provide a high level of active practice for all students.
  7. Guide students as they begin to practice.
  8. Think aloud and model steps.
  9. Provide models of worked-out problems.
  10. Ask students to explain what they had learned.
  11. Check the responses of all students.
  12. Provide systematic feedback and corrections.
  13. Use more time to provide explanations.
  14. Provide many examples.
  15. Re-teach material when necessary.
  16. Prepare students for independent practice.
  17. Monitor students when they begin independent practice.

Many of the principles above are relevant to within the metacognitive field, helping reinforce teaching and learning.


rosenshine.txt · Last modified: 08/06/2019 07:47 by digicoled